Inside the city wall, excavation work, Qatna

Inside the city wall, excavation work, Qatna

The northern wall of the Damascus Citadel

The northern wall of the Damascus Citadel

An inscription on the wall of Damascus Citadel

An inscription on the wall of Damascus Citadel

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, west facade - entrance blocked by a wall with a door opening surmounted by an arch

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, west facade – entrance blocked by a wall with a door opening surmounted by an arch

An inscription with an decorated frame on the wall of Masyaf Castle

An inscription with an decorated frame on the wall of Masyaf Castle

Khan al-Wazir, main entrance and the northern wall after widening the street

Khan al-Wazir, main entrance and the northern wall after widening the street

Bayt Ghazala, ʿajami wall panels decorating the red hall (qaʿa)

Bayt Ghazala, ʿajami wall panels decorating the red hall (qaʿa)

Madrasat al-Firdaws, west wall of iwan opposite the prayer hall

Madrasat al-Firdaws, west wall of iwan opposite the prayer hall

Bayt Ghazala, ʿajami wall panels decorating the main reception hall (qaʿa)

Bayt Ghazala, ʿajami wall panels decorating the main reception hall (qaʿa)

Citadel of Aleppo, Temple of the Storm God Hadad - Detail on platform wall

Citadel of Aleppo, Temple of the Storm God Hadad – Detail on platform wall

Citadel od Aleppo, Temple of the Storm God Hadad - Detail on platform wall

Citadel od Aleppo, Temple of the Storm God Hadad – Detail on platform wall

Citadel of Aleppo, Temple of the Storm God Hadad - Detail on platform wall

Citadel of Aleppo, Temple of the Storm God Hadad – Detail on platform wall

Jamiʿ Sharaf, inscription on the wall of Qastal

Jamiʿ Sharaf, inscription on the wall of Qastal

Bayt Ghazala, ʿajami wall panels decorating the main hall (qaʿa)

Bayt Ghazala, ʿajami wall panels decorating the main hall (qaʿa)

Halabiyya, entrance to the Praetorium, which is integrated into the city wall and dates from the time of Justinian.

Halabiyya, entrance to the Praetorium, which is integrated into the city wall and dates from the time of Justinian.

Part of the northern wall of the Damascus Citadel

Part of the northern wall of the Damascus Citadel

Raqqa/Rafiqa, Wall decoration in the Iwan of Qasr al-Banat

Raqqa/Rafiqa, Wall decoration in the Iwan of Qasr al-Banat

Part of the of the city wall of Damascus

Part of the of the city wall of Damascus

Inscription on the wall, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Inscription on the wall, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Colorful ornamental motifs on ablaq wall, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Colorful ornamental motifs on ablaq wall, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Southwest wall of the Agora

Southwest wall of the Agora

Turbat az-Zahir Baybars, mosaic details covering the southern wall of the mausoleum

Turbat az-Zahir Baybars, mosaic details covering the southern wall of the mausoleum

Suq Aslan Dada, reconstruction of northern entrance and eastern wall of Khan as-Sabun, view towards southwest

Suq Aslan Dada, reconstruction of northern entrance and eastern wall of Khan as-Sabun, view towards southwest

Jabʿadin, the rock wall at Sinnir mountain

Jabʿadin, the rock wall at Sinnir mountain

Remains of the city wall of Halabiyya fortress on the bank of the Euphrates

Remains of the city wall of Halabiyya fortress on the bank of the Euphrates

An aerial photograph of the city of Raqqa, showing the wall and the old mosque (original photo: Mohamad Al-Roumi)

An aerial photograph of the city of Raqqa, showing the wall and the old mosque (original photo: Mohamad Al-Roumi)

Outside of the surrounding wall of Halabiyya fortress

Outside of the surrounding wall of Halabiyya fortress

Damascus Gate on the south eastern side of the City Wall, Ebla (Tall Mardikh)

Damascus Gate on the south eastern side of the City Wall, Ebla (Tall Mardikh)

Remains of wall foundations, Kharab Sayyar

Remains of wall foundations, Kharab Sayyar

Inside the city wall, excavation work, Qatna

Inside the city wall, excavation work, Qatna