Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, domes of the prayer niche from the outside

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, domes of the prayer niche from the outside

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, a niche on the right side of the prayer hall's entrance

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, a niche on the right side of the prayer hall’s entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of the prayer niche (mihrab)

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of the prayer niche (mihrab)

Khan Qurdbak, stone ornamentaion

Khan Qurdbak, stone ornamentaion

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, muqarnas decorationg a niche on the right side of the prayer hall's entrance

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, muqarnas decorationg a niche on the right side of the prayer hall’s entrance

ʿAyn al-ʿArus, Interior of a village mud bricks house, armenian owners

ʿAyn al-ʿArus, Interior of a village mud bricks house, armenian owners

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, clay decorations

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, clay decorations

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate (Bab) as seen from outside the fence

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate (Bab) as seen from outside the fence

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri, the cold section (barrani)

Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri, the cold section (barrani)

Raqqa, Baghdad gate

Raqqa, Baghdad gate

Raqqa, the inner façade of Baghdad Gate (Bab Baghdad)

Raqqa, the inner façade of Baghdad Gate (Bab Baghdad)

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the Great Iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the Great Iwan)

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the warm section (wastani)

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the warm section (wastani)

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade - decorated window

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade – decorated window

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western entrance

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western entrance

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Al-Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, entrance portal

Al-Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, entrance portal

Rubble heap of a collapsed dome, view inside prayer hall of al-ʿAdiliyya mosque, Aleppo

Fig.47_Rubble heap of a collapsed dome

Turbat Khaʾirbak (mausoleum), western facade - niche with trefoil arches

Turbat Khaʾirbak (mausoleum), western facade – niche with trefoil arches

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, prayer niche

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, Corinthian marble capital decorating the prayer niche

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, Corinthian marble capital decorating the prayer niche

Monastery of St. Simeon Stylites, late 5th-early 6th c., Exterior of sanctuary of east basilica (apse from exterior)

Monastery of St. Simeon Stylites, late 5th-early 6th c., Exterior of sanctuary of east basilica (apse from exterior)

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate, geometric decorations in the niche, built with bricks

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate, geometric decorations in the niche, built with bricks

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche