Jamiʿ al-Qayqan, Stone engraving - hieroglyphic pictorial writing

Jamiʿ al-Qayqan, Stone engraving – hieroglyphic pictorial writing

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. The inscription indicates a restoration by the Mamluk ruler al-Malik al-Muʾayyad Shaykh between 820/1417 and 823/1420

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. The inscription indicates a restoration by the Mamluk ruler al-Malik al-Muʾayyad Shaykh between 820/1417 and 823/1420

Tower north of Bab Antakiya, a side of the defensive tower after the removal of infringements

Tower north of Bab Antakiya, a side of the defensive tower after the removal of infringements

Burj Alaʾ, southern facade from the inside with the arrow slit

Burj Alaʾ, southern facade from the inside with the arrow slit

Fortification tower north of the Bab Antakiya, view during the removal of historical annexes

Fortification tower north of the Bab Antakiya, view during the removal of historical annexes

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - a stone base (spolia) which is the cathedral baptismal font

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – a stone base (spolia) which is the cathedral baptismal font

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

Burj al-Ghanam, partial view of the tower's south eastern facade

Burj al-Ghanam, partial view of the tower’s south eastern facade

Burj Alaʾ, general view of the tower's southern facade

Burj Alaʾ, general view of the tower’s southern facade

Burj al-Ghanam, general view of the tower's west-south corner

Burj al-Ghanam, general view of the tower’s west-south corner

Burj al-Ghanam, tower's southern facade with its machicolation

Burj al-Ghanam, tower’s southern facade with its machicolation

Great Mosque, damage mapping

Great Mosque, damage mapping

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate, geometric decorations in the niche, built with bricks

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate, geometric decorations in the niche, built with bricks

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate, Façade decorations: three-lobed niches and arched frames resting on colonnette

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate, Façade decorations: three-lobed niches and arched frames resting on colonnette

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate, Façade decorations: three-lobed niches and arched frames resting on colonnette

Raqqa, Baghdad Gate, Façade decorations: three-lobed niches and arched frames resting on colonnette

Raqqa, the inner façade of Baghdad Gate (Bab Baghdad)

Raqqa, the inner façade of Baghdad Gate (Bab Baghdad)

Raqqa, Baghdad gate

Raqqa, Baghdad gate

Bab Antakiya, main gate

Bab Antakiya, main gate

Bad al-Hadid, detail of a rank decorating the gate's entrance from outside

Bad al-Hadid, detail of a rank decorating the gate’s entrance from outside

Damascus Gate on the south eastern side of the City Wall, Ebla (Tall Mardikh)

Damascus Gate on the south eastern side of the City Wall, Ebla (Tall Mardikh)

Eastern side of Damascus Gate, Ebla (Tall Mardikh)

Eastern side of Damascus Gate, Ebla (Tall Mardikh)

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, an inscription above the entrance gate

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, an inscription above the entrance gate

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's entrance from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s entrance from the outside

The gate of the northeastern wall, Agora

The gate of the northeastern wall, Agora

Damascus, Muqarnas above the gate of Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm

Damascus, Muqarnas above the gate of Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, Upper part of the gate tower,

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, Upper part of the gate tower,

Husn Sulayman, Temple of Zeus Baetocaece, inner face of the North Gate

Husn Sulayman, Temple of Zeus Baetocaece, inner face of the North Gate