Small vaulted passageway, Qalʿat Harim

Small vaulted passageway, Qalʿat Harim

Part of the ruins of Qalʿat Harim

Part of the ruins of Qalʿat Harim

Ruin of a double room house in the village Qalʿat Najm

Ruin of a double room house in the village Qalʿat Najm

In the Orontes valley below the village of Qalʿat al-Mudiq is situated a 16th c Khan, which has become a Museum

In the Orontes valley below the village of Qalʿat al-Mudiq is situated a 16th c Khan, which has become a Museum

View from afar to al-Mudiq Citadel

View from afar to al-Mudiq Citadel

House with mud decoration as door framing in the village of Qalʿat Najm, that was flooded by the Tishrin dam

House with mud decoration as door framing in the village of Qalʿat Najm, that was flooded by the Tishrin dam

Numbering application example for floors based on a room in Bayt Ghazala

Bayt-Ghazala_room-19_floors

Numbering application example for the courtyard floor into smaller sections, based on a plan of Bayt Ghazala, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.06_Bayt-Ghazala_room-02

Orientation plan example for walls based on room 07 in Bayt Ghazala

Bayt-Ghazala_room-07_walls

Numbering application example for walls based on a room in Bayt Ghazala

Bayt-Ghazala_room-19_walls

Jamiʿ ar-Rumi, view from the courtyard on the eastern arcade

Jamiʿ ar-Rumi, view from the courtyard on the eastern arcade

Jamiʿ Sharaf, Qastal

Jamiʿ Sharaf, Qastal

Jamiʿ Sharaf, the minaret

Jamiʿ Sharaf, the minaret

Jamiʿ Sharaf, the old mihrab

Jamiʿ Sharaf, the old mihrab

Jamiʿ Sharaf, inscription above the Sabil

Jamiʿ Sharaf, inscription above the Sabil

Jamiʿ Sharaf, Mamluk rank

Jamiʿ Sharaf, Mamluk rank

Jamiʿ Sharaf, Qastal facade

Jamiʿ Sharaf, Qastal facade

Jamiʿ Sharaf, inscription above ad-Darih

Jamiʿ Sharaf, inscription above ad-Darih

Jamiʿ Sharaf, Mamluk rank

Jamiʿ Sharaf, Mamluk rank

Jamiʿ Sharaf, inscription above ad-Darih

Jamiʿ Sharaf, inscription above ad-Darih

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, general view of the minaret

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, general view of the minaret

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, prayer niche

Damascus, an Arabic inscription on the gateway top of Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm

Damascus, an Arabic inscription on the gateway top of Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm

Cathedral of Busra from the inside

Cathedral of Busra from the inside

Khan as-Sabun, inner northern facade after widening the street

Khan as-Sabun, inner northern facade after widening the street

Jisr ash-Shughur, Qalʿat Shugr wa Bekas from the inside.

Jisr ash-Shughur, Qalʿat Shugr wa Bekas from the inside.

Bab al-Hadid, inscription beside the door from outside

Bab al-Hadid, inscription beside the door from outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's tower from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s tower from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's tower with its machicolations and parapets

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s tower with its machicolations and parapets

Qalb Lawza, Basilica, 5th c., view of main facade from south-west

Qalb Lawza, Basilica, 5th c., view of main facade from south-west