Damage pattern, wall bulging

Fig. 10, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, loose construction elements, remaining after a hole caused by shelling, Madrasat al-Firdaws, Aleppo

Fig. 19, Catalogue of Damage

Rubble from modern material, 3rd category remains, in Goldsmith bazaar lane, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.22_3rd category

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

Damage pattern in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Damage pattern in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Interior view of dome and damages, al-Utrush mosque, tomb, Aleppo, Syria

Room with code P02.L00.01.01_cx

Temporary storage of sorted stones, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.32-b_storage of sorted stones outside

Temporary storage of sorted stones, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.31-b_storage of sorted related stones

Ashlar masonry, 2nd category remains, Barsin mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.24_ashlar voussoire stones within rubble field

Rubble from modern material, 3rd category remains, in Goldsmith bazaar lane, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.23_3rd category

An arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

An arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

Damage pattern, subflorescence, sandstone, Horus Temple, Edfu, Egypt

Fig. 55, Catalogue of Damage

Raqqa - remains of the southern arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-ʿAtiq (Great Mosque)

Raqqa – remains of the southern arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-ʿAtiq (Great Mosque)

A building under construction in the President's Square in Raqqa

A building under construction in the President’s Square in Raqqa

Preparation of mud for construction in one of Raqqa villages

Preparation of mud for construction in one of Raqqa villages

Preparation of mud for construction in one of Raqqa villages

Preparation of mud for construction in one of Raqqa villages

A photo of villagers at the entrance of traditional building under construction, Raqqa

A photo of villagers at the entrance of traditional building under construction, Raqqa

A photo of villagers in front of traditional building under construction, Raqqa

A photo of villagers in front of traditional building under construction, Raqqa

Habuba Kabira, during the construction of cantilever domes, the mortar is pulled up using a bucket

Habuba Kabira, during the construction of cantilever domes, the mortar is pulled up using a bucket

Habuba Kabira, construction of the corner of a mud brick house

Habuba Kabira, construction of the corner of a mud brick house

Habuba Kabira, Construction of the relieving arch, on which 2 cantilever domes are to rest

Habuba Kabira, Construction of the relieving arch, on which 2 cantilever domes are to rest

Multilayered wall construction: generic example of a 2-shell stone masonry wall with rubble infill

Wall-2-leaves

The cathedral of Busra from the inside

The cathedral of Busra from the inside

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

Habuba Kabira, Mud brick construction - connection of wall, belt arch and dome rounding

Habuba Kabira, Mud brick construction – connection of wall, belt arch and dome rounding

Habuba Kabira, construction of a relieving arch using piled bricks, which are later removed

Habuba Kabira, construction of a relieving arch using piled bricks, which are later removed

A villa under construction in the Ghuta of Damascus

A villa under construction in the Ghuta of Damascus

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Habuba Kabira, upper part of a cantilever dome construction

Habuba Kabira, upper part of a cantilever dome construction

The general structure of the example dome house in Taanayel (Libanon) before the end of the construction process

The general structure of the example dome house in Taanayel (Libanon) before the end of the construction process