A capital decorated with wavy acanthus leaves, Monastery of Saint Simeon Stylites

A capital decorated with wavy acanthus leaves, Monastery of Saint Simeon Stylites

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of Corinthian capital

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of Corinthian capital

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, a marble column with a Corinthian capital decorating the prayer niche

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, a marble column with a Corinthian capital decorating the prayer niche

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, capital with muqarnas of a column in the double arcade

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, capital with muqarnas of a column in the double arcade

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, Corinthian marble capital decorating the prayer niche

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, Corinthian marble capital decorating the prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of Corinthian capital

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of Corinthian capital

Capital, Umayyad Mosque

Capital, Umayyad Mosque

Corner pilaster topped by Corinthian capital, Ithriya Temple

Corner pilaster topped by Corinthian capital, Ithriya Temple

Corner pilaster topped by Corinthian capital, Funerary Temple

Corner pilaster topped by Corinthian capital, Funerary Temple

ar-Rusafa, Capital on the interior façade of the North Gate,

ar-Rusafa, Capital on the interior façade of the North Gate,

Temple of Mushannaf, southwest corner, pilaster capital

Temple of Mushannaf, southwest corner, pilaster capital

Corinthian capital of a pillar, Agora

Corinthian capital of a pillar, Agora

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, capital of a column of a portico

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, capital of a column of a portico

Madrasat al-Firdaws, Decorative details of one of the arcade columns capital

Madrasat al-Firdaws, Decorative details of one of the arcade columns capital

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, capital

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, capital

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, column with its capital

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, column with its capital

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior

Stucco decorations in situ, Kharab Sayyar

Stucco decorations in situ, Kharab Sayyar

Closed arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

Closed arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

Side of the Ruins, Sirjilla

Side of the Ruins, Sirjilla

Raqqa - Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall - Columns discovered during excavation

Raqqa – Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall – Columns discovered during excavation

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Destructions in Raqqa city center, 2018

Destructions in Raqqa city center, 2018

General view from outside, Jamiʿ Manjak

General view from outside, Jamiʿ Manjak

Alternate ablaq rows in the courtyard of Jamiʿ Manjak

Alternate ablaq rows in the courtyard of Jamiʿ Manjak

Eastern facade, Jamiʿ Manjak

Eastern facade, Jamiʿ Manjak

Damage pattern, corrosion of an iron connector led to cracks and outburst, Acropolis, Athens

Fig. 24, Catalogue of Damage